As the operation is based on 5 years harvesting rotations, finding fast growing tree species is essential. Two tree genus growing in the tropics are suitable for this purpose:
Eucalyptus originated mainly in Australia and Indonesia. There are over 600 species belonging to the genus Eucalyptus and their habitat varies from semi-arid zones to the tropics. Nevertheless, only few species were introduced to the commercial forestry. The large genetic diversity gives room for wide range for improvement. An intensive research is being conducted worldwide to produce elite species clones as well as new hybrids. The exact match between the clone and site conditions is crucial for plantation success.
The Eucalyptus is well known for its rapid growth and the wood quality meets the needs of paper industry. Therefore, it is used as a commercial tree in many countries around the world, in Asia, Africa and America. The largest commercial Eucalyptus plantations are found in Brazil, where more than 3.5 million hectares are planted with improved clones of this genus.
CamAgra introduced few varieties of Eucalyptus including improved clone of E. camaldulensis as well as a few hybrids.
As in the case of Eucalyptus, the biological diversity of the Acacia flora represents a vast economic, environmental and social resource. As exotics, Acacias are planted in over 70 countries and cover about 2 million hectares. Despite the large number of species in the genus, relatively few are intensively cultivated, suggesting that the potential of many species remains unexplored. In addition, there is a significant potential for artificial hybridization. Species of the genus Acacia trees are an important plantation species for tropical South-East Asian countries and the Pacific, due to its rapid growth and tolerance of very poor soils often found in the tropics. The Rhizobium nodules associated with their roots fix atmospheric nitrogen, and thereby reducing the need for heavy chemical fertilization.
The company mainly focuses on wood chip production for the paper industry. Nevertheless, Acacia have hard, durable wood which is suitable for large variety of products such as: Sawn timber, furniture, veneers, fuel wood and charcoal.
CamAgra has introduced a few varieties of Acacia, including improved pure species as well as hybrids.
The performance of all tree varieties is constantly monitored.